Semantic webs and artificial intelligence – opportunities for libraries 1.
Artificial intelligence combines human intelligence with rapid reaction times, increasing memory and a broad overview of information sources; it thus supports the development of sciences, information technology and libraries. The emergence of the semantic web is an essential stage in the development of artificial intelligence. The beginnings of artificial intelligence research were based on the knowledge of how brain neurons are functioning. This also appears in the modeling of artificial systems, net structures and learning processes. From the point of libraries: the desired results in overviewing resources cannot be reached when using previous solutions, so other high-level technology and tools from outside libraries should be involved to keep patrons. When answering a question, artificial intelligence systems can rely on more sources of information than a person. It is not certain, however, that they can give a better answer than a well-educated human (a teacher or a librarian). This article is a review of literature; the second part will discuss knowledge-based expert systems, search processes and services based on artificial intelligence, as well as review predictions for the future.
Keywords: Computerised information search, Information technology, Artificial intelligence
Introduction to Judit Tóvári’s article „Metamorphose of the catalogue”
The draft Hungarian translation of the International Cataloguing Principles (2016) was published on the webpage of the National Széchényi Library (NSZL) in August 2018 (https://nemzetikonyvtar.blog.hu/2018/08/17/a_nemzetkozi_katalogizalasi_alapelvek_magyar_forditas). The author. as Chair of the Standardization Committee at NSZL and Head of the RDA Working Group, recommends Judit Tóvári’s article which presents a summary and explanation of terminological issues.
Keywords: Cataloguing rules, Terminology
Metamorphose of the catalogue. Translation issues of the IFLA Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (ICP, 2016)
New cataloguing rules (Resource Description and Access, RDA) provide a deeper and more extensive exploration of library information assets, combined with large information systems, to better meet user needs. At the same time, it means changes to the concept of the catalogue. Considering user needs, a functional review of catalogue records and technological requirements for the use of linked data have led to a fundamental change in the processing of bibliographic sources and publishing open data. All these lead to new tasks for catalogues. Following the first revision of the Paris Principles (1961) in 2009, IFLA adopted new cataloguing principles in 2016, which involves rethinking of a number of rules. Additionally, the digital world requires new terminologies. The terms applied in ICP are reflected in a series of policies, therefore it is extremely important to have an exact and clear definion of the concepts. The draft Hungarian translation of ICP, published in 2016 on the national library’s blog, gives the profession an opportunity to contribute to forming Hungarian terminology with their suggestions.
Keywords: Cataloguing rules, Cataloguing, Machine-readable formet, MARC21, RDA, Terminology
E-LEARNING AND LIBRARIES
Methods and tools in an e-learning environment
BÁNKESZI Katalin – SZEPESI Judit
The fourth part of the series on e-learning discusses how models of learning theory influence teaching in an electronic environment, and what methods have been developed for the effective transfer of knowledge. The use of digital multimedia, colour, sound and film enhances learning efficiency. Online education materials are divided into smaller units, they contain knowledge in a concise, well-structured and transparent form. The authors provide practical recommendations for curriculum development. Web-based multimedia platforms allow the creation, sharing and reorganization of new types of content. In an online environment, tasks and methods of tutors differ in many respects from traditional forms of education. Tutors monitor and assist students from the start of training till the completion of the course. The authors present the methods and tools typical for the online education environment, as well as those of blended learning, m(mobile)-learning and micro-education.
Keywords: Computerised education, Education method, Curriculum, Remote educational
FROM THE PAST
Historia domus 1945–1950. Sources and data for the history of the Research Library of the Hungarian Army’s Health Centre and the journal Honvédorvos
POGÁNYNÉ RÓZSA Gabriella
Archival sources on the history of the Research Library of the Hungarian Army’s Health Centre in the period 1945 through 1950 revealed the book collections used by this army hospital to serve professional and political tasks. In spite of political intentions, they tried to provide contemporary, up-to-date literature from Hungary and abroad for curative, educational and research work to their staff, while the library for soldiers built a collection that served the cultural policy of the era. The journal Honvédorvos (Military Physician) was first published in 1888 as a supplement to the professional journal Gyógyászat (Medication), and appeared later independently in the period 1929 to 1944. After 1945, its publishing ceased for a few years. In 1949, the journal resumed, and took back its old name in 1957. The Honvédorvos today is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, and is closely connected to the Research Library of the Hungarian Army’s Health Centre. Its profile includes the presentation of military health research and practical work in the institution, along with their professional-historical aspects.
Keywords: Medical journal, Medical library, Army library, Hungarian library history
Erzsébet Soltész-Juhász (1921–1997): her life and research
BIBOR Máté János
Erzsébet Soltész-Juhász was a staff member of the National Széchényi Library from 1944 to 1989. At first she started as a clerical staff member, and from 1949 until her retirement she worked in the Old Prints Section, from 1962 as the head of this section. She was involved in the preparation of the National Catalogue of Incunabula (CIH) and the Catalogue of Early Prints from the 16th Century, and was the author of several manuals and studies. In 1982 she had a key role in achieving that the Leuven Codex be returned to Hungary, which includes the first Hungarian poem (13. c.). Her niece, Piroska Berlász, donated part of Erzsébet Soltész-Juhász’ bequest to the Library of the Department of Library and Information Science at the Faculty of Humanities, Eötvös Loránd University. The collection includes personal documents, author’s copies of many of her publications, as well as prints of many of her lectures and classes. The study outlines the life of Erzsébet Soltész-Juhász and overviews her professional work based essentially on the collection. It also includes a bibliography of her works as an appendix.
Keywords: Bequest, National library, Career, Collection of old and rare books, Eötvös Loránd University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Library and Information Science
The first librarians of the Hungarian Parliament
It is a complex task to name the first librarian of the Library of the Parliamentary Assembly (later Libray of the Hungarian Parliament): there are discrepancies between the data in the notes of former directors (Miklós Nagy, György Trócsányi), historical works, and archival sources. The article helps to clarify this question by listing the staff of the Parliament’s library between 1848 and 1875, and gives the exact dates when they were appointed.
Keywords: Library profession, History of libraries, Library of the Parliament, Hungary
„Fidelitate et fortitudine”. The Batthyánys as benefactors
Report on the conference „The Batthyánys as benefactors” held in the Library and Information Centre of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences on May 30, 2018.
Keywords: Conference, History of culture, Hungary
Still waiting for that funeral…Promises and challenges of the new generation of INTERMARC
The article comments on the article by Peyrard, Sebastien and Roche, Mélanie: Still waiting for that funeral (http://library/2204/1/41-payerard-en.pdf) about the CCA 4.0 licence. It is the aim of renewing INTERMARC, the French national library’s (BnF) MARC-based data exchange format, that has been in use for 40 years, to make it compatible with new bibliographic models (FRNR, LRM), and to move towards linked data by refining MARC records.
Keywords: Data format, Coversion, MARC21, National library
The visible library. The Temple of Apollo Palatinus in Ancient Rome
Acél Zsolt: A látható könyvtár. A palatiumi Apolló-könyvtár és a római irodalmi élet. Budapest: Gondolat, 2018. 222. p.
(Reviewed by György Pogány)
Keywords: Library history, Cultural history, Review
Incunabula catalogue of the Library of the Abbey in Pannonhalma
A Pannonhalmi Főapátsági Könyvtár ősnyomtatványai = Incunabula Bibliothecae Sanctii Martini de Sacro Monte Pannoniae. PFK-INC. Összeáll. W. Salgó Ágnes. Pannonhalma: Pannonhalmi Főapátsági Bencés K., 2017. 258 p. (Catalogi Bibliothecae Sancti Martini de Sacro Monte Pannoniae ; 2.)
(Reviewed by Szilvia Bánfi)
Keywords: Church library, Catalogue, Incunabula, Review
Twenty-one books from childhood, re-read after six decades
Bényei Miklós: Újraolvasva – hatvan-hatvanöt év múltán. Debrecen: Kiss József Könyvkiadó, 2018. 144 p.
(Reviewed by Lajos Murányi)
Keywords: Reading, Reading diary, Fiction,
LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE JOURNALS FROM ABROAD