38. évfolyam, 1992. 2. szám



The history of foundations.


The history of the development and operation of foundations is discussed starting with their place in Roman law, then dwelling on the Middle Ages and the age of enlightenment etc., finally describing the present Hungarian practice. In Hungary in 1935 a legal regulation summarized the issues related to foundations and provisions (although the terms “funds” and “foundations” have been mixed up for a long time). Today libraries cannot survive without foundations and competitions. The process of the socialization of state tasks started in the 1980's. According to the law No. I of 1990 the court is competent for the registration and ceasing of foundations, while the attorney for their supervision. The author sets out how foundations can be established, what kinds of regulations affect their economic management, how can private persons and institutions apply for foundations funds; and introduces the TEXTAR database of the Department of Funds and Foundations at the Ministry of Culture and Public Education. (pp. 198-205)

Országos Széchényi Könyvtár