43. évfolyam, 1996. 3. szám


Fifty years of the current Hungarian National Bibliography


The National Széchényi Library (NSzL) issued the first number of the current Hungarian National Bibliography (HNB) fifty years ago, in 1946. Somewhat later the Repertory of Hungarian Journals ( RHJ) was also started. The historic survey of the bibliographies was prepared for the anniversary. The first issue of HNB contained in UDC order bibliographic data of books, printed music and maps printed in Hungary and submitted as legal deposit copies. RHJ appeared as a supplement to HNB, also in decimal system. Focusing on current, up-to-date thematic information on new documents was a merit of the NSzL's venture. On the level of library policy it was first declared in 1956, during the preparation of the library act, that the national library was responsible for the preparation of the national bibliography. However, it was made clear only on the 1961 conference on bibliography that national bibliographies make up a system. Separate booklets were issued for textbooks, printed music, Hungarica, and the acquisition aid entitled Új Könyvek (New Books) was also started. Annual cumulations were prepared. Editors had been involved in standardisation projects, and computerisation of the bibliographic system was prepared in the 1970s. Lack of financial resources has always hindered development and daily work as well. Computerisation made the renewal of the contents, structure and form of the system indispensable. The division of labour, and cooperation also required rethinking in order to ensure complete coverage of the national registration. (Pp. 391-402)

On the advancement of library and information training

KOKAS Károly

The article examines library work, altered according to the expectations of the information society, and the training of librarians is surveyed in the light of this. New pieces of knowledge should be built on traditional elements, though these also need improvement. It is fundamental how deeply and in what way computer technology should be taught. The aim is to train good practising librarians, therefore practical training should give the core of the curriculum. Four main fields are suggested for incorporation into training: information science, information systems, information processing, and information management. The main themes included in the four fields are presented in the rest of the article. (Pp. 403-413)

„Hungarian Law Factory" between 1990 and 1994. MPs' habits of information gathering


In spring, 1994 the MP Information Services Department of the Library of Parliament made a series of interviews on the reception of MP information services started in 1991. 21 of the 80 MPs asked for the interview were willing to answer questions regarding a) the type and source of information used by MPs, b) the role of the Library of Parliament, c) their expectations concerning the services. It turned out from the analysis of answers that expert papers for preparing decisions were needed most. However, current and retrospective Hungarian parliamentary documents were used less, and there was even less interest in foreign parliamentary materials. Hungarian legal regulations were consulted very infrequently, but half of the MPs asked mentioned the use of foreign legal compilations. All of them browse the national press every day, and electronic mass media are also popular. The slow fulfilment of interlibrary lending requests was mentioned as the negative side of library use, while easy-to-use online databases and reference services were found useful and good. MPs were also satisfied with the collection of the library, and found copying important besides online searching from among the services offered by the library. In their opinion the library would stand international comparison as well. The ideas and experiences of MPs will be considered in preparation for the next parliamentary period. (Pp. 414-426)

Analytic processing of translations in the National Foreign Language Library


The analytic processing of pieces of literature in the National Foreign Language Library, looking back on several decades’ history, is revived on the computer after its forced suspension. The new phase of processing, started in 1992, is highly selective both from the source, and from the publication point of view (ca. 50 core periodicals as sources, ca. 700 relevant new translations). Peculiar features of data records elaborated by combining the elements of ISO and ISBN standards are the following: designation of subgenre, sometimes-original language title and source, in the case of component parts data of the parent document. Further features: multi-element citation field (e.g. in the case of poems), summary, resource fidelity. The structure of the program, subject indexing covering fundamental genre, as well as comprehensive linguistic geographical subject indexing make searching for the name of author, Hungarian, original and full title, genre, name of translator, title of Hungarian source, language of publication and geographical names of the unit possible. In addition to active services, the library considers the preparation of other forms of service such as a printed bibliography, etc. (pp. 427-429)

Professionals in Hungarian children's libraries in the middle of the 1990s


The author carried out a questionnaire survey in 1995 regarding the status of children's libraries working in county (type A) and town (type B) public libraries. In the given period there were 273 type A and B service points in Hungary, however, only 7.3% of these offered services for children. Children’s departments had 451 full-time staff positions available, i.e. 1.2 librarians per service point in the capital, and 1.7 in the country. There is no differentiation in the payroll of children’s librarians, and in 9 counties there is no university graduate working in children's services. So far as special training is concerned: the rate of professional children's librarians is 20%. The number of those participating in further training is relatively high in spite of the fact that these forms of training usually have to be paid for. The Children's Librarians' Section of the Association of Hungarian Librarians makes efforts for supporting the participation of children's librarians in further training. Children's librarians are in a handicapped position as compared to those working in adult services, too. Children's librarians have to brake out from their local isolation and should stand for their interests more categorically. (Pp. 430-438)

The way of development in Csongrád county


There has been a good working relationship between town libraries and Somogyi Library. They have formed a professional community in the shaping of regional perspective, professional information exchange, and they struggle for material and moral advantages together. Some concrete forms of cooperation: common applications, organisation of study tours, presentations, participation in making tenders, etc. (pp. 439441)


VIRÁGOS Márta: French university libraries in the development of higher education

(Pp. 443-457)

KISS Jenő: Centenary and summit. The New York Public Library is a hundred years old

(Pp. 458-461)

KOVÁCS (D.) Katalin – VÁLYI Gábor FOGARASSY Miklós: Dialogue of partners. An account of the conference "Dialogue of East European Partners". (6-8. November 1995, Budapest)

(Pp. 462-465)

KOLTAY Tibor: From online databases to Internet. Subjective review based on papers from the Online 95 conference

(Pp. 466-468)

TRANIELLO, Paolo: Library legislation reform in Central Europe: needs and expectations. An overview of library legislation in Western Europe

(Abstr.: Orbán Éva) (Pp. 469-474)

Questionnaire on management styles

(Transl.: Mikulás Gábor) (pp. 475-478)

Book reviews

125 years of service for legislation and not only for legislation

JÓNÁS Károly - VEREDY Katalin: Az Országgyűlési Könyvtár története 1870-1995

(Rev.: Futala Tibor) (Pp. 479-481)

Cultural heritage and information society

RÓZSA György: Kulturális örökség és információs társadalom

(Rev.: M. Fülöp Géza)(pp. 482-483)

Staff is the main strength of libraries...

Strategic planning, marketing, TQM. (Ed. by the Chamber of Libraries and Information Centres)

(Rev.: M. Fülöp Géza) (Pp. 484-485)

Quality and performance
Quality issues in the library and information services...

(Rev. M. Fülöp Géza) (Pp. 485-486)

Selected accession list of the Library Science Library

(Pp. 487-492)

From foreign journals (Abstracts)

(Pp. 493-571)


Országos Széchényi Könyvtár