Legal issues of managing open-access materials and repositories
The Jedlik Ányos Plan – the Hungarian strategy for the protection of intellectual property – supports open access to scholarly publications, and suggests that the costs of publishing should be covered as part of publicly funded research and dissemination instead of charging for access.
Legal obligations are present with both the gold and green routes to open access. In the first case, a non-exclusive agreement is concluded with the rights holder. With the green route to open access, scholarly texts are provided in subject repositories, or on the web pages of institutions or researchers. In case of self-archiving, the works can be utilized either by digital reproduction or by on-demand communication to the public. Digitized publications may be used only in possession of a contract with the rights holder. These contracts should specify who is responsible for eventual infringement. The parties should be aware of the possibilities and limitations of digital rights protection techniques.
Clinical application of bibliotherapy
G. TÓTH Anita
It is a special priority of bibliotherapy to deal with those who stay hospitalized for a long time or are subjected to frequent and monotonous treatment. This target group obviously includes health care professionals serving these groups as well as the families of patients.
In Hungary today clinical bibliotherapy is exercised mainly in psychiatric institutions. Earlier, bibliotherapy was classified as a kind of sociotherapy and aimed at developing social and verbal skills and educating people how to spend their free time usefully. Bibliotherapy interpreted as psychotherapy with art has, however, got deeper-rooted and longer-term therapeutic objectives. Therapists need the same abilities – independent of locations and target groups – as in the case of developing bibliotherapy groups: to assist participants to formulate their fears, to strengthen their self-knowledge, and to help their rehabilitation by processing well-selected texts at the sessions.
Real library – library reality. 2nd conference at the ELTE Faculty of Humanities
The Library and Information Science Institute at the Faculty of Humanities of Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest organised the first conference entitled Real library – library reality in 2013, as part of the events related to the Festival of Hungarian Science. It is the aim of these conferences to give an opportunity for PhD students and faculty to demonstrate their research projects and achievements for their peers. The conference, held on 23-24 November 2015, took place at two venues in three sections with over 40 Hungarian and foreign speakers. The presentations well represented the interdisciplinary interest of PhD students, covering traditional and regional aspects as well. At the opening plenary session two prestigious professors of ELTE, Tibor Frank and Balázs Déri presented on the role of libraries in science, and set the subject and tone of the conference. The audience received a booklet with the choice of talks. The article provides a brief coverage of papers.
News about library standardization. The National Library Standardization Committee
The National Library Standardization Committee was established in December 2015 at the National Széchényi Library. Its urgent tasks include an upgrading of existing standards (by renewing old ones), as well as a decision on which ISO standards to translate and localize. The Committee will take a stand on theoretical issues such as the localization of RDA and MARC-related developments, and consider the possibilities of implementing the BIBFRAME model. The Committee is a member of the Hungarian Standards Institution Working Committee Nr. 46. (Information and Documentation). It is going to join international standardization efforts and will regularly report on its work in this journal.
FROM OUR PAST
Some facts about the indistinct years of Hungarian librarianship, 1945-1949
First years of the National Library Centre and the organization of regional libraries
The study was born within the framework of a research programme entitled History of Hungarian librarianship in the Rákosi era, 1945-1956. It presents the first years of the National Library Centre (Országos Könyvtárügyi Központ, OKK), an institution which was set up in December 1945 and was very important for Hungarian librarianship as a whole. The Centre was closed in 1952. Its staff had imprescriptible merits in developing Hungarian librarianship in the post-war era, in restarting international library relations, in saving the collections of abolished religious orders, in editing the central registry of books and magazines purchased from abroad, in organizing basic-level librarian training, in creating a regional library system which later became the foundation of today‘s public library system in the country. Based on undocumented archival sources to date, the author presents the circumstances of founding OKK and its subsequent activities.
„Her work is characterized by thoroughness, conscientiousness and open-mindedness”
Remembering Alisz Goriupp
Alisz Goriupp (1894-1979) served as a leading staff member at the National Széchényi Library. Her career and personality expressed the essence of working as a librarian: she incarnated the ideal of our profession. She was the essential colleague in the background who had initiated and implemented a number of important reforms during her career of almost five decades. She began to work at the Newspaper Collection of the national library, and continued her work as a current bibliographer. With Director-General József Fitz, she took part in modernizing cataloguing work at the national library. In 1946, she was commissioned with editing the current national bibliography. She participated in the training of librarians for cataloguing and bibliography. During her retired years she contributed to the retrospective national bibliography, Magyar Könyvészet 1945-1960.
The National Casino in Pest
The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) Library and Information Centre (f. 1826) is a key institution supporting scholarly research in Hungary. Its huge collection and services provide access to recent knowledge. In addition, the Library manages smaller collections of cultural-historical value as well, and strives to catalogue and digitize them. One of these which deserves special attention includes the materials of the former library of the National Casino (a reading society, f. 1827 and disbanded in 1944). Cataloguing and historical research of this collection are funded by grants awarded to research fellows. The collection consists of 17 700 items. Sorting, processing and digitization started in 2014, parallel to researching the Casino’s history based on its records. The study reports on the history of the Casino, on research into the collection, and on the current state of cataloguing.
An irregular obituary
Jenő Berlász (1911-2015)
A tribute to the historian and librarian, Jenő Berlász, deceased at the age of 105. He was Doctor of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Honorary Professor of the Corvinus University of Budapest, perpetual member of the National Széchényi Library, and holder of the Bibliothecarius Emeritus title at the same institution. (Katalin Fülep)
Appendix I. Biography – Works – Programme. (Jenő Berlász’ autobiography from 1945)
Appendix II. Publications by Jenő Berlász in the period 1936 to 2000 (books, studies and articles) (compiled by János Buzási)
Essays by Jenő Berlász on library history in the journal OSZK Híradó (compiled by Ágnes Rácz)
Constructing a name space in national libraries and the bibliographic metamorphosis
Preparing authority records and defining relations between records are part of the daily routine of bibliographers. Today, using the appropriate standards, the semantic capabilities of authority files allow us to more efficiently satisfy the needs of users. French librarians in 2014 took a stand in favour of RDA and the introduction of the FRBR entity-relationship model, i.e., for a transition in bibliographic work. The relevant web interface, meant for the public at large, consists of HTML pages gathering resources and organized around various concepts. This transition project (data.bnf.fr) supported by the French national library (BnF) is the first theme of the essay. It continues with a description of how the Czech National Authority File and Name Space, elaborated by the Czech National Library, relying on a co-operation between public collections, was developed.
Mosaics from the 3rd European Conference on Information Literacy (ECIL, 2015)
The European Conference on Information Literacy (ECIL) has been organized since 20l3 with support from IFLA and the European Union. In October 2015 Tallinn University hosted the event. It attracted 361 professionals from 50 countries, and the participants discussed about two hundred themes in ten sections. The main themes on the agenda covered various approaches to media knowledge and information literacy, issues of teaching information literacy, with a view to sustainable development. The conference organizers tried to find a balance between theoretical lectures and – regional and local – practices presented from all over the world. The conference was commented on by Sheila Webber in her blog, and the papers have already been published (Information literacy. Moving toward sustainability. Springer, 2016).
A new book on reference work in public libraries
NAGY Enikő: A tájékoztató szolgáltatások evolúciója a magyarországi közkönyvtárakban. Szentes: Szentesi Városi Könyvtár, 2014.
(Reviewed by Klára Vörös)
Reading societies in Hódmezővásárhely
BARÁTNÉ HAJDU Ágnes: Társadalmi egyletek a két világháború között és a koalíció időszakában Hódmezővásárhelyen. Hódmezővásárhely: Németh László Városi Könyvtár, 2015.
(Reviewed by Miklós Bényei)
Festschrift for Csaba Fekete
„Kezembe vészem, olvasom, és arról elmélkedem”. Emlékkönyv Fekete Csaba születésének 75. és könyvtárosi működésének 50. évfordulójára. Szerk. Gáborjáni Szabó Botond, Oláh Róbert. Debrecen: Tiszántúli Református Egyházkerületi Gyűjtemények, 2015.
(Reviewed by Miklós Bényei)
Successful research strategies in linguistics
GANTERT, Klaus: Erfolgreich Recherchieren, Linguistik. Berlin–Boston: de Gruyter–Saur, 2013.
(Reviewed by Modrián-Horváth Bernadett, Dudás Anikó)
See the e-version (http://ki.oszk.hu/kf
FROM LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE JOURNALS