Interlibrary tending in the Northern Transdanubian repion

The study summarises the results of a sample survey, Involving 15 libraries, of the composition, organisation and administration of document delivery within and among libraries of the Northern Transdanubian region.
Interlibrary lending is a regular service both as senders and as borrowers In the libraries surveyed. So far as the number of requests is concerned, the Veszprém university library is the first, then come county and college libraries. It Is the Szombathely county library that fulfils the most requests (2600).
The demand for this service has not decreased after the introduction of fees so much as librarians had expected. The rate of fulfilled requests is 80-90%, which is also better than anticipated. In public libraries Interlending of Hungarian books, as well as social science and humahity Gooks is high. There is higher demand for foreign technical Iiterature; mainly for journal articles, In academic Institutions and spécial libraries: OPACs offer good possibilities for locating the items; and selection among sources depends on where the services are cheaper or free. Personal relations enhance the transaction. There is a heavy load on larger collections. Due to piling up of requests and the low number of copies the service can be Very slow (a mean of 4-5 weeks, in,the case of lending the originals it may be as long as 3-6 months). Sending requests by fax or e-mail may speed up the transaction. 60-80% of the requests of town libraries are satisfied by county libraries.
User satisfaction was also Included in the survey. The typical user of interlending Is a male lecturer in his forties with university training and a high level of library skills. There were three basic motivations mentloned in connection with interlending: participation in research projeicts, further training, and daily tasks in the workplace: The majority of interlending for study. purposes are asked for from county libraries. In spite of long waiting periods and fees, 82% of the users considered the service operational. 36% of users is likely to be lost due to the fees. The majority of those asked found covering copying and postal costs reasonable, however, there were some who thought these should be included in the registration fee.

Traditional publications transplanted to the Web. Hungarica WWW
NYÁRYNÉ GRÓFCSIK Erika – KOLONITS Zoltán – PAP Gáspár – KOVÁCS Ilona – GÁL Júlia

The Hungarica Documentation Department of the National Széchényi Library has developed a new web service with information on foreign libraries having Hungarica material (documents related to Hungary or written by Hungarian authors in Hungarian or other languages). The department also Issues a series entitled “Directory of foreign libraries holding Hungarica material” (“Hungarika-anyagot őrző külföldi könyvtárak címjegyzéke”).
The possibility of appearing on internet was created by a Unesco-IFLA project. The main requirement concerning the planned system was to offer a variety of keys for browsing, and that it be bilingual (Hungarian and English). The input of data was based on text files compiled earlier of the manually organised paper documents. More recent and supplementary data were input in WinWord. Text files edited by Word 6 served as the bases for processing. SGML compatible markers were used.
Hungarica WWW can be accessed from the home page of the National Széchényi Library. It is possible to search by country and subject.

Diploma factory and/or training intellectuals. Reading culture and habits of library use of college and university students
NAGY Attila

It follows from the Euro-Atlantic orientation of Hungary that the number of those with secondary and academic training must be doubled. The trend Is real, there is an increase. The state of affairs leads to the increase of the workload of lecturers, and the overloading of libraries meant to serve the students.
400 full time students of 8 higher education institutions were interviewed in the survey. There were questions related to the use of libraries, their reading culture, and values.
About one quarter of the students graduates without using a library except for the period of writing his/her thesis, The majority of students use the collection of their own institution; while 60% uses some public or special library as well. Libraries are used for their complementer features.
Students look for direct sources mainly; they find public libraries more friendly (i.e. helpful), and their basic criticism against the collections is that there are few copies, and few new acquisitions. They were less satisfied with the library of their mother institution than with public libraries. They prefer copying to taking notes, and consider interlibrary lending too slow.
The distribution of works read by students from the time, language, and content point’ of view Is better than the national average, and the signs of commercialisation are less obvious. Traditional culture is also present.

User training in institutions of state higher education In Hungary
In the Information society it is a natural expectation that new graduates have skills of information gathering required to their profession and their intellectual life. Since the professional collecting, processing and providing institution of information is the library, students of academic institutions cannot help using it. Who should and who does actually train would be graduates for the use of libraries? These were the questions the author attempted to answer in November 1997 when she sent her questionnaire to 96 state institutions of higher education. There were 47 colleges and universities answering that means that the sample can be looked upon as a representative one. Of the 47 institutions surveyed, there is organised user training in 17, 13 institutions offer occasional help, while in 17 places this task is not dealt with at all. The results revealed that a) of the 16 teacher training colleges and universities, that answered, 5 offered organised user education, 5 did not do so, and in 6 institutions information on library use was given at the time of registration; b) from among colleges and universities of technical training 25 answered. There is organised user training in 44%, there were initiatives in 28% in this field, i.e: 72% of the institutions deal with the training of library users at some level; c) 6 of the colleges and universities of training in arts answered, and only one of them offers user education.

Doctoral dissertations in library and information science in Hungary. Survey and analysis

The system of PhD training was transformed by the law LXXX. of 1993 and the related regulations in Hungary. As a consequence of this, a period had come to an end in 1996 in the history of doctoral dissertations written In the field of library science. After the survey of János Balázs (Könyvtári Figyelö, 1991. no. 2.) made in 1991 regarding dissertations from the period 1958-1990, dissertations prepared since 1991 are analysed in the present study. The following data were gathered with respect to the dissertations: the rate of library science graduates and dissertations prepared, the year of acceptance, the age of those receiving the degree, the time between graduating and getting the degree, the relation between the theses and the dissertation, and the length of dissertations. The study analyses the content of the 25 dissertations, and introduces some new groups from this point of view (such as the history of censorship, the history of related disciplines, user education, integrated library systems, new tools in Information processing). The last two categories indicate the shift of library science towards informatics and information science. The two surveys throw light on the need of the abstracting of the 160 doctoral dissertations written in library science, and the publication of the summaries.